On April 25, the world observes World Malaria Day to raise awareness about malaria control and eradication. It is a disease that may be avoided and treated. The topic for this year is “Utilize innovation to minimise the malaria illness load and save lives.” On this day, learn about malaria, its symptoms, causes, risk factors, prevention, vaccine, and malaria-free nations, including Indian states.
According to the WHO, there will be 241 million cases of malaria worldwide in 2020, with an estimated 627,000 deaths. In addition, the WHO African Region was home to 95% of malaria cases and 96% of malaria deaths in 2020. Children under the age of five accounted for around 80% of all malaria deaths in the region.
What is Malaria:
As per WHO, Malaria is an acute febrile illness caused by Plasmodium parasites, which are spread to people through the bites of infected female Anopheles mosquitoes. There are 5 parasite species that cause malaria in humans, and 2 of these species – P. falciparum and P. vivax – pose the greatest threat.
Symptoms of Malaria:
– Feeling of discomfort generally
– Nausea and Vomiting
– Abdominal Pain
– Muscle or joint pain
– Rapid breathing
– Rapid heart rate
World Malaria Day 2022: Prevention
Certain measures are listed below to avoid mosquito bites:
– Cover skin, by wearing pants, long-sleeved shirts, etc.
– Apply insect repellent to the skin. It should be registered with the Environment Protection Agency on any exposed skin.
– Also, apply repellent to clothing.
– Use bed nets or sleep under a net.
WHO recommends the broad use of the RTS,S/AS01 malaria vaccine among children living in regions with moderate to high P. falciparum malaria transmission since October 2021. The medicine showed a significant reduction in cases of malaria and deadly severe malaria among children.
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