Even while skin cancer, especially melanoma, is not very frequent in India, this does not make it any less of a health emergency. Skin cancer is characterised by moles and patches and occurs when damaged cells from sunlight or tanning beds start to mutate. It also occurs when aberrant cells begin to expand uncontrolled in areas that are most exposed to sunlight. One of the worst types of the disease, melanoma, may develop as a result of the harm UV radiation from the sun cause.
Regardless of the weather or time of day, physicians and experts advise regular and religious use of sunscreen before going outside in order to reduce the risk of sickness. Another strategy is to be aware of the early warning signs so that the illness may be identified early and treated before the tumour progresses.
What signs of skin cancer are there?
The development of a lump or a patch of discoloured skin that does not go better after a few weeks is an early sign of skin cancer. The non-cancerous lumps, on the other hand, are typically scaly and flat. The malignant lumps typically manifest as hard, reddish-colored structures that eventually grow into ulcers.
Report to a doctor right away if you have noticed these symptoms for more than two to three weeks.
But it doesn’t stop there; scratching could also be a sign of skin cancer. Itching may occur as a result of the tumour’s irritation or a buildup of bile salts. It could be a quiet indicator of the disease if you feel it for a long time without any apparent explanation.
How is skin cancer treated?
Treatment options may be suggested based on how bad the cancer or tumour is. Skin cancer patients with non-melanoma skin cancer may benefit from surgery. Other times, the patient could benefit most from plastic surgery, radiotherapy, or chemotherapy, among other treatments.