Type 2 diabetes risk can be reduced by regular follow-up
A recent study conducted by NTNU (The Norwegian University of Science and Technology) and St. Olav’s Hospital Centre of Obesity discovered that long-term follow-up reduced the chance of developing type 2 diabetes.
“We’re seeing that long-term follow-up from health services in Norwegian towns may help minimise the chance of acquiring diabetes 2 and improve people’s health,” says NTNU researcher Ingrid Sordal Folling from the Department of Health and Nursing. Folling works at St. Olavs Hospital in Trondheim’s Centre for Obesity Research, Surgical Clinic. The findings of the study were reported in the British Medical Journal.
Type 2 diabetes affects 350 million individuals worldwide. In Norway, over 270 000 people have the condition, a figure that has nearly risen in the previous 20 years. A further 10% of the population is at risk of getting type 2 diabetes.
Individuals with the condition either do not generate enough insulin or their cells resist the hormone, a condition known as insulin resistance. This has an effect on blood sugar levels and disturbs the body’s metabolism of nutrients such as carbohydrates, lipids, and proteins.
According to the current findings, taking action is typically beneficial. Changes in habits can be helpful if they are implemented. Long-term follow-up is required in this case.
The study’s subjects all had a BMI of 25 or above. This equates to being overweight or obese. The research began with 189 participants, with around 70% completing the programme. Many of them had excellent outcomes.
At the outset, the greatest risk group consisted of 65 participants. During the five-year period, more than 40% of this group, or 27 people, lowered their risk to “medium,” the Following explains.
When the study began, nine patients already had signs of type 2 diabetes, and six of them were able to lessen their symptoms.
Another study has found that basic lifestyle recommendations from healthcare professionals do not reduce the chance of getting type 2 diabetes.
Participants in this trial, on the other hand, were given physical activity and nutritional regimens for a year and were measured over a lengthy period of time—in this instance, for a whole five years. A long-term commitment tends to produce far greater benefits.
During the five-year period, 54 of the participants dropped out, accounting for little more than 30% of the total. Many of the youngest participants, as well as those with the highest BMI, waist circumference, and weight measurement, were among those who dropped out.
The researchers are unsure why they decided not to continue.
This might be due to socioeconomic factors since individuals who did not go full-time had less education and were less likely to be employed. Another probable explanation is that the training and courses were held during the day, making it more difficult for the younger participants to engage.
Previous experience has shown that the people who most need the offers to improve their habits are the ones who do not take them up or leave the programme.
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