“Type 2 diabetes is a common disorder in which blood sugar levels in the blood grow too high,” according to the NHS. This is mainly caused by a lack of insulin synthesis or insulin desensitisation. High blood sugar must be controlled, however, because damaged neurons might lead to infection. The feet may show some of the early indicators of problems.
Diabetes has a slew of consequences, the most of which are caused by uncontrolled blood glucose.
Peripheral neuropathy is a well-known side effect of chronically high blood sugar, and it can produce a slew of symptoms in the foot, where the nerves are most sensitive.
The Centres for Disease Control and Prevention explains: “Nerve damage is one possible complication from having high blood sugar levels for a long time.
“High blood sugar damages the nerves, and these nerves may stop sending messages to different parts of the body.”
Redness, warmth, and swelling are three symptoms of nerve injury, according to the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK).
Charcot’s foot is a disorder that causes bony protrusions on the foot, altering its appearance.
Charcot’s foot causes pain and damage in the extremities by reducing sensitivity and the capacity to perceive temperature.
“Later, bones in your feet and toes can shift or break, which can cause your feet to have an odd shape, such as a rocker bottom,” adds the NIDDK.
Individuals often lose sensation when their nerves quit working, which means ulcers and wounds can easily go undiscovered.
However, because diabetes reduces blood supply to the extremities, wounds may take longer to heal, making the feet more susceptible to infection.
Diabetics must consequently take special care of their feet in order to avoid future complications.
How can high blood sugar levels be managed?
It’s critical to choose carbs carefully if you want to keep your blood sugar under control.
Refined carbs such white bread, pasta, and rice, as well as meals with a high glycaemic index, should be avoided.
Sweets and soda drinks are among the foods having a high glycaemic index, and they should be avoided at all costs.
Physical activity is also included by the diabetes organisation as an effective blood sugar management method.
“Physical exercise can reduce your blood sugar for up to 24 hours or longer after your workout by increasing your body’s insulin sensitivity,” the health organisation says.